The Salmiana grows primarily in central Mexico in Guanjuato, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosi. Its pencas are shaped like lances and are very thick and somewhat curved. They are dark green and are surrounded by large and thick needles. Most pulque is made from the juice of the Salmiana, specifically the Verde, Pulquera and Guadalupana varieties. It can grow up to eight meters or 25 feet, and flowers from May to September. It reproduces via seed and hijuelo and has been successfully cultivated.
Common varieties in the species include Bronco, Salmiana, Verde, Chino, Cuerno, Blanco, Pulquera, Guadalupana